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¨ December 31—The World Azerbaijanis Solidarity Day

¨ January 1-2—The New Year’s Day

¨ March 8—The Women’s Day

¨ March 20-24—Novruz

¨ May 9—The Victory Day over fascism

¨ May 28—The Republic Day

¨ June 15—The Day of National Salvation of the Azerbaijani People

¨ June 26—The Armed Forces Day

¨ October 18—The National Independence Day

¨ November 12—The Constitution Day

¨ November 17—The National Revival Day

¨ Ramazan Bayrami *

¨ Gurban Bayrami *

* Changes due to Lunar Calendar

Holidaya in Azerbaijan

“Novruz bayrami” is the oldest holiday of Azerbaijan which is literally translated as “holiday of spring” and it is celebrated on 20-21st of March every year when the nature is waking up and new life is initiated. Before the actual day of the holiday, people celebrate the four last pre-holiday Tuesdays. They are told to be celebrated as a good-bye to the Old year and a welcoming of the upcoming New Year. They are called: Su Chershenbesi (Tuesday of Water), Od Chershenbesi (Tuesday of Fire), Yel Chershenbesi (Tuesday of Wind) and Torpag Chershenbesi” (Tuesday of Earth). Noruz holiday is rich with ancient traditions and games. 'Khidir Ilyas' (the symbol of fertility and blossom), 'Kos-Kosa'— an entertaining game (symbolises the incoming of spring) and fortunetelling are among them.

BAKU - AZERBAIJAN
HOLIDAYS IN AZERBAIJAN

December 31 - Day of National Solidarity of Azerbaijanis

March 20-24 — NOVRUZ BAYRAM — Spring Festival

Novruz Bayram - Spring Festival

On the last Tuesday before Novruz people light bonfires and jump over them, as in similar spring festivities in Europe. As a rule during holidays the doors are not locked and all the families are glad to welcome guests. Several things are used to symbolize the occasion and the most popular in Azerbaijan is sprouted wheat , which is grown in a small vase and placed in a prominent place in the house, such as a table center (the vase with the wheat is called ’semeni’).

Novruz is a joyful and lovely holiday.

Novruz is a joyful and lovely holiday

More than 50 million Azerbaijanis live in the world today.

Azerbaijanis made great contributions the world civilization living in the territory of Azerbaijan for thousands of years. Wars, revolutions, military conflicts, social-political processes in the world destructed Azerbaijan, some of the Azerbaijanis urged to leave their lands, deported, left their country with the purpose to find a work, and to get education and settled in different countries. Today Azerbaijanis live in every corner of the world.

Azerbaijanis lived in their motherland had not an opportunity to meet with their compatriots and to create the relations with them. Prohibitions of the Soviet Period created an obstacle between the relatives. At late 1980s when the soviet regime started to weaken people of Azerbaijan increased their attempts to re-establish the relations with their compatriots.

The history of the Day of the Solidarity of the Azerbaijanis of the whole world starts from late December 1989 when the borders in Nakhchivan destroyed (USSR-Iran borderline). Destroyed the frontier beams between Northern and Southern Azerbaijan ruined. The Conference of the Turkish-speaking countries held in Istanbul at that time decided to celebrate the day of the solidarity of the World Azerbaijanis.

In December 16, 1991 the chairman of the Supreme Assembly of Nakchivan Autonomous Republic Heydar Aliyev took into consideration the importance of solidarity of Azerbaijanis and declared the 31st of December the day of the Solidarity of all the Azerbaijanis of the World. Thus being so near to all the Azerbaijanis, the 31st of December is celebrated as the day of the Solidarity of the Azerbaijanis in the World.

Baku

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March 8 - The Women’s Day

8 March – the International Day of Women’s Solidarity for their struggle to achieve economic, political and social equality. The decision to celebrate the International Women’s Day has been taken by the proposal of Clara Zetkin in the second International Conference of women socialists held in 1910 in Copenhagen.

For the first time, this Day has been celebrated in Germany, Austria, Switzerland and Denmark. It has been noted in Russia in 1913, in Azerbaijan – in 1917. Till 1914, this holiday was marked in various days. The tradition to celebrate the International Women’s Day came in the result of general agreement between women of Austria, Hungary, Russia, US and other States to deem it as the holiday.

Since those days, every country in the world is celebrating the 8th of March also as the Day of Solidarity and Struggle for Peace. March 8 has been announced as non-working holiday in 1965 in the Soviet Azerbaijan. After Azerbaijan has gained its independence, the 8th of March has retained its status of holiday.

Flag of Azerbaijan

May 9 - The Victory Day over fascism

May 28 - The Republic Day

XX Century has entered into the history not only as the Century of science and technology, but also as the period of the national revival, collapse of colonial Empires and formation of the national States.

The Tsar was overthrown in Russia in the result of the February Popular Revolution of 1917. The national movement of peoples succumbed to the Tsarist power has got a steep development in the country. The Azerbaijani Democratic Republic (1918 -1920) has been established on May 28, 1918. It became the first secular, democratic State in Islamic East and laid down in the historical memory of the nation as the first experience of the Azerbaijani Statehood.

Starting from 1990, the Republic Day – the Day of restoration of the State independence is celebrated as the State holiday.

October 18 The National Independence Day

The Declaration on the State Independence of the Republic of Azerbaijan has been adopted in the extraordinary session of the Supreme Council of the Republic of Azerbaijan on August 30, 1991.

The historic session of the Supreme Council of the Republic of Azerbaijan held on October 18, 1991 was known by the unanimous adoption of the Constitutional Act “On the State Independence of the Republic of Azerbaijan”.

 

Monument to Major-General Hazi Aslanov, World War II Red Army tank commander

Monument to Major-General Hazi Aslanov, World War II Red Army tank commander , Baku

The nationwide voting took place in the Republic of Azerbaijan on December 29, 1991. The ballots of this referendum have reflected the only question: “Are you for the Constitutional Act “On the State Independence of the Republic of Azerbaijan”?

The people of Azerbaijan has voted for the State independence.

In May 1992, the Milli Majlis (Parliament) has adopted the State Anthem of the Republic of Azerbaijan (music by Uzeir Hajibeyov, lyrics by Ahmed Javad) and later on, the State flag, the State Coat-of-Arms depicting eight points star with the flames.

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Large scale works have been fulfilled in the Republic to change the rails of national economy for serving the frontline. During short period of time, Baku has become the vast munitions warehouse for the fighting Army. In spite of unprecedented difficulties, our oil workers have sought to ensure fuel supplies to the frontline and the industries by demonstrating their resolve and heroic actions.

Under the leadership of Academician Yusif Mamedaliyev, the new technology has been invented to produce the aircraft motor gasoline. In oil history of Azerbaijan, a record indicator of oil production has been attained thanks to the hard work of our oil specialists. It was equal to 23,5 million tones of black gold which made 71.4 % of all oil extracted in USSR. In general, during wartime, oil workers of Azerbaijan have supplied 75 million tons of oil, 22 million tons of petrol and other oil products to the whole country. We can surely say that the Baku oil was one of main factors of the victory over fascism. Suffice it to say that every fourth out of five aircraft, five tanks, five automobiles have running by the Baku petrol. The Great Patriotic War has demonstrated the mass heroism and bravery of the Azerbaijani people.

The Second World War (1939 - 1945) has turned into the period of terrible and tragic events for all mankind.

During the Great Patriotic War (1941 - 1945), the Azerbaijani people has demonstrated very good examples of the great heroism and bravery in frontline and behind it. In a very short period of time, 87 fighting battalions, 1124 self-defense detachments have been formed in the Republic. In 1941 – 1945, more than 600 thousands brave sons and girls from Azerbaijan have left Azerbaijan to fight the enemy. The Azerbaijani divisions have made the glorious frontline records from Caucasus to far Berlin. Almost 1300 of our fellow compatriots are awarded the title of Hero of the Soviet Union, 30 were given the Order “the Glory”. 170 thousands of soldiers and officers from Azerbaijan were awarded various orders and medals of USSR. Hazi Aslanov, two times Hero of the Soviet Union, Israfil Mamedov, Ruslan Vezirov, Adil Guliyev, Ziya Buniyatov, Gheray Asadov, Melik Maharramov, Mehdi Huseynzade, heroes of the Soviet Union, generals like Mahmud Abilov, Akim Abbasov, Tarlan Aliyarbekov, Hajibala Zeynalov and many other have written new pages in the history of our people by their bravery.