2nd Monday in October - Thanksgiving Day

December 25 - Christmas Day

December 26 - Boxing Day

January 1—New Year’s Day

The Sovereign's birthday has been celebrated in Canada since the reign of Queen Victoria (1837-1901).

May 24, Queen Victoria's birthday, was declared a holiday by the Legislature of the Province of Canada in 1845.`

After Confederation, the Queen's birthday was celebrated every year on May 24 unless that date was a Sunday, in which case a proclamation was issued providing for the celebration on May 25.

After the death of Queen Victoria in 1901, an Act was passed by the Parliament of Canada establishing a legal holiday on May 24 in each year (or May 25 if May 24 fell on a Sunday) under the name Victoria Day.

Monday on or before May 24 - Victoria Day

¨ January 1—New Year’s Day

¨ April 2 -  Good Friday

¨ April 5 - Easter Monday

¨ Monday on or before May 24 - Victoria Day

¨ July 1 - Canada Day

¨ 1st Monday of September - Labor Day

¨ 2nd Monday in October - Thanksgiving     Day

¨ November 11 - Remembrance Day

¨ December 25 - Christmas Day

¨ December 26 - Boxing Day


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On June 20, 1868, a proclamation signed by the Governor General, Lord Monck, called upon all Her Majesty's loving subjects throughout Canada to join in the celebration of the anniversary of the formation of the union of the British North America provinces in a federation under the name of Canada on July 1st.

The July 1 holiday was established by statute in 1879, under the name Dominion Day. It is a commemoration of the day in 1867 that the first colonies of British North America entered Confederation as the Dominion of Canada.

1st Monday of September - Labor Day

Labor Day is always the first Monday of September. It is a statutory holiday throughout Canada. The origins of Labor Day in Canada can be traced back to April 14, 1872 when a parade was staged in support of the Toronto Typographical Union's strike for a 58-hour work-week.

While Labor Day parades and picnics are organized by unions, many Canadians today simply regard Labor Day as the Monday of the last long weekend of summer. Non-union celebrations include picnics, fireworks displays, water activities, and public art events.

Canada Day is celebrated with barbecues, parades, music, and of course fireworks in the evening.

Thanksgiving Day is celebrated on the second Monday of October, is an annual Canadian holiday to give thanks at the close of the harvest season. the close of the harvest season.

The first Thanksgiving Day in Canada after Confederation was observed on April 15, 1872, to celebrate the recovery of The Prince of Wales (later King Edward VII) from a serious illness. The first Thanksgiving Day in Canada after Confederation was observed on April 15, 1872, to celebrate the recovery of The Prince of Wales (later King Edward VII) from a serious illness.

Christmas in Canada, on December 25, is when friends and family hunker down at home to eat and open presents. Christmas is one of the main religious festivals celebrated in Canada. Christmas traditions include decorating houses and yards with lights, putting up Christmas trees, giving gifts, and sending greeting cards.

Gifts at Christmas are primarely English; elsewhere they are given at other times. The Christmas tree was a tradition from the Middle Ages in Germany. The crib with the scene at Bethlehem was popularized by the Franciscans during the Christmas Holidays. The midnight service on Christmas Eve is a popular religious observance in the Roman Catholic and some Protestant churches during Christmas Holidays.

Christmas Day is the only day where almost all retailers, banks and government offices are closed.

The Celebration of Boxing Day on the day after Christmas Day is a tradition practiced in Canada, as it is in the Commonwealth.

As a liturgical festival, Thanksgiving corresponds to the English and continental European Harvest festival, with churches decorated with cornucopias, pumpkins, corn, wheat sheaves, and other harvest bounty, English and European harvest hymns sung on the Sunday of Thanksgiving weekend and scriptural selections drawn from biblical stories relating to the Jewish harvest festival of Sukkot.

The farmers in Europe held celebrations at the time of harvesting to give thanks for their good fortune of a bountiful harvest and abundance of food. The farmers would fill a goat's curved horn with fruits and grains. This curved horn was known as a cornucopia or the horn of plenty. It is believed that when the European farmers came to Canada they brought this tradition of Thanksgiving with them.

While the actual Thanksgiving holiday is on a Monday, Canadians might eat their Thanksgiving meal on any day of the three-day weekend, though Sunday and Monday are the most common. While Thanksgiving is usually celebrated with a large family meal, it is also often a time for weekend getaways.

The day after Christmas, the Feast of St. Stephen, the first Christian martyr, is better known as Boxing Day. The term may come from the opening of church poor boxes that day; maybe from the earthenware boxes with which boy apprentices collected money at the doors of their masters' clients.

Nowadays, we often see, in certain families, gifts (boxes) given to those who provide services throughout the year. In Canada, Boxing Day is listed in the Canada Labor Code as a holiday. It is not an official holiday in Quebec or British Columbia.

New Year is Universal holiday in Canada , celebrated in all provinces. The celebration of this holiday begins the night before, when people gather to wish each other a happy coming year. People may dance, sing, and drink a toast to the year ahead. Horns are blown at midnight, and people hug and kiss to begin the new year with much love and happiness.

After the New Year celebrations, it is time to make New Year resolutions, and these are a list of decisions about how to live in the coming year.  At the stroke of midnight on New Year's Eve, people cheer and sing "Auld Lang Syne." The song, which means "old long since" or roughly "the good old days," was written by Robert Burns in 1788.