“Novruz bayrami” is the oldest holiday of Azerbaijan which is literally translated as “holiday of spring” and it is celebrated on 20-21st of March every year when the nature is waking up and new life is initiated. Before the actual day of the holiday, people celebrate the four last pre-holiday Tuesdays. They are told to be celebrated as a good-bye to the Old year and a welcoming of the upcoming New Year. They are called: Su Chershenbesi (Tuesday of Water), Od Chershenbesi (Tuesday of Fire), Yel Chershenbesi (Tuesday of Wind) and Torpag Chershenbesi” (Tuesday of Earth). Noruz holiday is rich with ancient traditions and games. 'Khidir Ilyas' (the symbol of fertility and blossom), 'Kos-Kosa'— an entertaining game (symbolises the incoming of spring) and fortunetelling are among them.

March 20-24 — NOVRUZ BAYRAM — Spring Festival

Novruz Bayram - Spring Festival

On the last Tuesday before Novruz people light bonfires and jump over them, as in similar spring festivities in Europe. As a rule during holidays the doors are not locked and all the families are glad to welcome guests. Several things are used to symbolize the occasion and the most popular in Azerbaijan is sprouted wheat , which is grown in a small vase and placed in a prominent place in the house, such as a table center (the vase with the wheat is called ’semeni’).

Novruz is a joyful and lovely holiday.

Novruz is a joyful and lovely holiday

Large scale works have been fulfilled in the Republic to change the rails of national economy for serving the frontline. During short period of time, Baku has become the vast munitions warehouse for the fighting Army. In spite of unprecedented difficulties, our oil workers have sought to ensure fuel supplies to the frontline and the industries by demonstrating their resolve and heroic actions.

Under the leadership of Academician Yusif Mamedaliyev, the new technology has been invented to produce the aircraft motor gasoline. In oil history of Azerbaijan, a record indicator of oil production has been attained thanks to the hard work of our oil specialists. It was equal to 23,5 million tones of black gold which made 71.4 % of all oil extracted in USSR. In general, during wartime, oil workers of Azerbaijan have supplied 75 million tons of oil, 22 million tons of petrol and other oil products to the whole country. We can surely say that the Baku oil was one of main factors of the victory over fascism. Suffice it to say that every fourth out of five aircraft, five tanks, five automobiles have running by the Baku petrol. The Great Patriotic War has demonstrated the mass heroism and bravery of the Azerbaijani people.

The Second World War (1939 - 1945) has turned into the period of terrible and tragic events for all mankind.

During the Great Patriotic War (1941 - 1945), the Azerbaijani people has demonstrated very good examples of the great heroism and bravery in frontline and behind it. In a very short period of time, 87 fighting battalions, 1124 self-defense detachments have been formed in the Republic. In 1941 – 1945, more than 600 thousands brave sons and girls from Azerbaijan have left Azerbaijan to fight the enemy. The Azerbaijani divisions have made the glorious frontline records from Caucasus to far Berlin. Almost 1300 of our fellow compatriots are awarded the title of Hero of the Soviet Union, 30 were given the Order “the Glory”. 170 thousands of soldiers and officers from Azerbaijan were awarded various orders and medals of USSR. Hazi Aslanov, two times Hero of the Soviet Union, Israfil Mamedov, Ruslan Vezirov, Adil Guliyev, Ziya Buniyatov, Gheray Asadov, Melik Maharramov, Mehdi Huseynzade, heroes of the Soviet Union, generals like Mahmud Abilov, Akim Abbasov, Tarlan Aliyarbekov, Hajibala Zeynalov and many other have written new pages in the history of our people by their bravery.

¨ December 31—The World Azerbaijanis Solidarity Day

¨ January 1-2—The New Year’s Day

¨ March 8—The Women’s Day

¨ March 20-24—Novruz

¨ May 9—The Victory Day over fascism

¨ May 28—The Republic Day

¨ June 15—The Day of National Salvation of the Azerbaijani People

¨ June 26—The Armed Forces Day

¨ October 18—The National Independence Day

¨ November 12—The Constitution Day

¨ November 17—The National Revival Day

¨ Ramazan Bayrami *

¨ Gurban Bayrami *

* Changes due to Lunar Calendar

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